Instead of going into bankruptcy, everyone, including the States, was provided with the opportunity to use the new Federal Reserve Notes, called (incorrectly) “lawful money” grounded in perpetual debt of the “eligible paper” which formed the assets of the Federal Reserve and the National Banks, These are also known as “units of monetized debt”. paid down or become paid for anything since that infamous day of June 5, 1933 when Roosevelt willfully and knowingly stole Our gold and gave it to a bunch of foreign bankers. (Lawfully, debts can only be paid with money – money as defined by the Law of the Land – The Constitution – being gold and silver coin. Anything else is not lawful money and cannot therefore lawfully “pay a debt”.) Thus, overnight, We The People became liable for specific performance on the basis of a debt action of assumpsit under the individual Laws Provider, operating outside of the Constitution and imposing an Equitable jurisdiction. A jurisdiction in which no one has any rights, where one can be compelled summarily to deliver his property without trial by Common Law jury. And the debts to the private bankers keep mounting ever higher.
Neither can He end up being compelled, by-law, to simply accept escort Broken Arrow, or even render advised accept to deal with, an equitable jurisdiction foreign to their Expenses away from Legal rights.
In the very beginning away from bodies beneath the Structure , Congress conferred towards the federal district courts private cognizance “of all the municipal reasons for admiralty and you will maritime legislation, . . . . . . ; protecting to suitors, in most instances, the right out-of a common Legislation option, where Common law was competent to have;. . .” (step 1 STAT 77, Area 9 (1789))
Because jurisdiction try stored to get personal, the efficacy of statutes on a single subject must always end up being about national legislature and not on condition legislatures.
Congress enacted the Limited Liability Act on March 3, 1851. It is codified at Title 46, United States Code, Sections 181-189, as amended in 1875, 1877, 1935, 1936 and the Act of 1884. It intended to cover the entire subject of limitations, and to invest the U. S. District Courts with exclusive original cognizance of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, exclusive of the States. This means that the States do not have any jurisdiction in admiralty and maritime matters, at all.
Admiralty and maritime jurisdiction comprises two types of cases: (1) those involving acts committed on the high seas or other navigable waters, and (2) those involving agreements and you can transactions linked to distribution operating to your seas otherwise navigable seas. In other words, the second type of case must have a direct connection with maritime commerce.
Good freeborn, Sovereign Western private can’t be pressed to the continuous debtorship and you can involuntary servitude, which is, feudalistic results on behalf of, and also for the advantageous asset of, any person, genuine otherwise juristic, facing their Thirteenth Blog post out-of Amendments for the Structure of the U . s .
Suits in admiralty traditionally took the form of a proceeding for the rem against the vessel, and, with exceptions to be noted, such proceedings inside rem are confined exclusively to federal admiralty courts, because the grant of exclusive jurisdiction to the federal courts by the Judiciary Act of 1789 has been interpreted as referring to the traditional admiralty action, the when you look at the rem action, which had been unknown to the Common law.
While County courts are allowed in order to
State courts are forbidden by the Constitution to have Admiralty jurisdiction. handle and check out Admiralty cases if the suitor desires, it must be an enthusiastic Admiralty number first off and it must involve property, otherwise there would not be a Common Law remedy. In other words, the Common Law courts would not be competent to handle it. More than this, it would need to be tried in a Common Law court, following Common Law procedures (not Equity procedures) with a Trial by a Common Law jury.